Pool & Spa Safety Equipment

CPSC provides a wide array of resources to enlist pool and spa operators and industry officials in national efforts to reduce drownings and submersion injuries in public and residential pools.

pool & spa safety equipment imageUsing appropriate safety equipment is critical to ensuring the safety of public swimming pools or spas. By using equipment that is compliant with the P&SSAct, pool operators and owners provide the highest level of protection for the public.

To comply with the P&SSAct, public pools and spas in the United States must employ entrapment protections established by the  ANSI/ASME A112.19.8 performance standard, or the successor standard ANSI/APSP-16 2011  regulating swimming pools and spas.

Pubic pools and spas must use compliant drain covers. For pools and spas with a single main drain other than an unblockable drain, they must be equipped with secondary safety devices or systems designed to prevent entrapment by pool or spa drains and that meet the Act’s requirements.

Sumps

CPSC staff supports the technical requirement of the ANSI/ASME A112.19.8 performance standard, or the successor standard ANSI/APSP-16 2011 performance standard, which calls for field-built sumps to have a depth, when measured from the bottom of the cover to the top of the outlet piping, of 1.5 times the diameter of the piping.
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Safety Devices

In addition to having a drain cover or other anti-entrapment device that complies with the ANSI/ASME A112.19.8 performance standard, or the successor standard ANSI/APSP-16 2011. Public pools and spas with single, blockable main drains must have additional protections by using one of the following systems or devices:
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Drain Covers

All drain covers must be compliant with the ANSI/ASME A112.19.8 performance standard, or the successor standard ANSI/APSP-16 2011.
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Who is Virginia Graeme Baker?

Seven-year-old Virginia Graeme Baker’s tragic death inspired her family to advocate for pool and spa safety and moved Congress to act to prevent entrapments. 
Read more about her story
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The Pool and Spa Safety Act: Staff interpretation and updates

 

Find the most up to date requirements for the Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act.